Machu Picchu

The lost city of Machu Picchu is the most famous archaeological site in Peru and all of South America. The UNESCO World Heritage-listed collection of temples, terraced hills, and plazas was once the mountaintop citadel of the ancient Inca empire under Pachacutec and Tupac Yupanqui.

It may now be world famous, but Machu Picchu still hasn’t revealed the mysteries behind construction, function, and eventual demise. The spectacular remains are thought to date from around 1450.

 

Those pressed for time often visit the ancient ruins on a day trip by train from Cusco, but the four-day trek along the legendary Inca Trail is another popular option.

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